International Centre for Missing &
DESPITE INCREASE IN GLOBAL CHILD PROTECTION
MANY COUNTRIES STILL DO NOT CONSIDER
CHILD PORNOGRAPHY A CRIME
Artist Jeff Koons and the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children Say Much
More Needs to be Done to Protect Children
ALEXANDRIA, VA --- 26 March 2013.During the past seven years, 100 countries have enacted new laws
to protect children from child pornography. However, according to the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (ICMEC), 53 countries still have no law
and do not consider child pornography a crime.
The findings are from a new study conducted by The Koons Family Institute on International Law & Policy, founded by
world-renowned artist Jeff Koons which operates as ICMEC's research arm. The new study, "Child Pornography: Model Legislation
& Global Review, 7th Edition" is a component of the global campaign
against child pornography launched by ICMEC in 2006 to persuade governments
and parliaments around the world to change and enact new laws to better protect
The global problem of child pornography has exploded with
the advent of the Internet. In 2006 ICMEC reviewed the laws in 184 countries and found that only 27 countries
had laws sufficient to protect children from child pornography.
Today, ICMEC reports that during the past seven years, 100
countries have enacted at least one of the organization's recommended criteria:
51 of the countries that had no law in 2006 have law today and the number
of countries deemed to have sufficient law has climbed from 27 in 2006 to
69 in 2012. Yet, 53 countries still
have no law at all that specifically criminalizes child pornography.
"The increase in the number of countries that have implemented
four or more of the criteria recommended by ICMEC and the fact that 100 countries
have enacted at least one new law is encouraging and a remarkable milestone,"
said artist Jeff Koons. "However, it is unacceptable that 53 countries still do not consider child pornography
Dr. Franz Humer, Chairman of the Board of ICMEC, and also
the Chairman of Swiss pharmaceutical company, Roche Holding Ltd., stated,
"When ICMEC issued its first report in 2006, the possession of child pornography
was not a crime in 136 countries and 95 countries had no law at all. We are pleased that countries in every region
of the world have responded, that more countries now have laws to protect
children and that more people who prey on children are being brought to justice. However, heads of state and parliaments in the
remaining 53 countries need to act swiftly to protect their children and put
an end to this insidious crime. And the 127 countries that still do not have sufficient law need to do more."
The Internet has created a new world of information and
communications. It has also had an
immeasurable impact on the exploitation of children. The lives of child victims of child pornography
are forever altered, not only by the molestation, but by the permanent record
of the exploitation. Images distributed
online are irretrievable and can continue to circulate forever, re-victimizing
the child again and again.
"The problem of child pornography is widely misunderstood," said Ernie Allen, President and CEO of ICMEC. "These are crime scene photos, images of a child
being sexually abused. Every time these
images are traded, distributed or downloaded, the child in the photo is re-victimized. The people who produce, distribute or possess these images must be
held accountable. But first there must be appropriate law in every
country. No country is immune to this
form of child exploitation, and it will take a concerted effort from government,
law enforcement and others to ensure the world's children are protected."
The 2012 study by ICMEC examined the laws of 196 countries
based on five criteria:
- Are there existing laws criminalizing child pornography?
- Does existing law include a legal definition of child pornography?
- Is the simple possession of child pornography a crime?
- Is the distribution of child pornography via computer systems and the Internet a crime?
- Are Internet Service Providers (ISPs) required to report suspected child pornography to law enforcement?
When the first study was completed in 2006, the possession
of child pornography was not considered a crime in 136 countries and 95 countries
had no law specifically addressing child pornography at all. Since then, 51 countries enacted child pornography
legislation for the first time; 49 passed legislation defining child pornography;
57 criminalized computer-facilitated offenses; 47 criminalized simple possession
of child pornography; and 8 mandated reporting by Internet Service Providers.
These 53 countries currently have no law on child pornography:
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain,
Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote
d'Ivoire, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada,
Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Iran, Iraq, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lebanon,
Lesotho, Libya, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Mozambique, Namibia,
Nauru, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Palau, St. Lucia, Samoa, Sao Tome and
Principe, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Yemen, and Zimbabwe.
The following 100 countries have enacted at least one new law in
the past seven years:
The Americas: Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize,
Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, St.
Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago,
Europe/Eurasia: Albania, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Holy See, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan,
Latvia, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Poland,
Portugal, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Sweden, Turkey, and Ukraine.
Middle East and Africa: Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic
of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania,
Mauritius, Morocco, Nigeria, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Sudan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, and Zambia.
Asia/Pacific: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China,
Fiji, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea,
the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor Leste, Togo,
The following 69 countries now have "sufficient law" meeting at
least 4 of the recommended criteria:
Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bolivia,
Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa
Rica, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland,
France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, India, Ireland, Israel,
Italy, Jamaica, Jordan, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Morocco, the Netherlands, New Zealand,
Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, the Philippines, Romania,
St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovak Republic, South
Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Timor Leste, Tonga, Trinidad and
Tobago, Uganda, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the United States,
A copy of the full report "Child Pornography: Model Legislation
& Global Review, 7th Edition"(2012) can be viewed via the following link:
About the International Centre for Missing & Exploited
The International Centre for
Missing & Exploited Children is a private 501(c)(3) non-governmental,
nonprofit organization based in the United States. It is the leading agency working internationally
to combat child abduction and sexual abuse and exploitation. The organization has built a global network
of 22 nations, trained law enforcement in 121 countries and worked with parliaments
in 74 countries to enact new laws on child pornography. ICMEC works in partnership with INTERPOL, the
Organization of American States and the Hague Conference on Private International
Law among others. For more information about ICMEC visit:www.icmec.org. ###