International Child Abduction

The Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (1980 Hague Convention) is a multilateral treaty that establishes proceedings for the prompt return of children who have been wrongfully removed or kept away from their home country. Currently, there are 103 Contracting States to the Hague Convention.

The English-language resources below are intended to help practitioners better understand and apply the 1980 Hague Convention. Additional resources may be available on the Portuguese and Spanish pages.

U.S. Legal Resources


  • Abbott v. Abbott (130 S. Ct. 1983, 176 L. Ed. 2d 789 (2010)) – The U.S. Supreme Court held that a parent has a right of custody under the Hague Convention by reason of that parent’s ne exeat right.
  • Chafin v. Chafin (133 S.Ct. 1017, 185 L.Ed.2d 1 (2013) – The U.S. Supreme Court held that the return of a child to a foreign country pursuant to a Hague Convention return order does not render an appeal of that order moot.
  • Lozano v. Alvarez (134 S.Ct. 1224, 188 L.Ed.2d 200 (2014) – The U.S. Supreme Court held that the one-year period set forth in Article 12 of the Hague Convention is not subject to equitable tolling.
  • INCADAT – The International Child Abduction Database – INCADAT comprises searchable summaries of decisions, links to the full texts of judgments and compendia of legal analysis in English, French, and Spanish.

Supporting Resources

  1. Hague Resources
  2. U.S. Legal Resources
  3. Jurisprudence
  4. Supporting Resources
  5. Sections