Types of Child Abuse, Neglect & Exploitation


Emotional Abuse

Psychological Maltreatment (Pediatrics, 2012)

Online Abuse

Compendium of Articles: Research Findings on Child Abuse Images and Sexual Exploitation of Children Online (ECPAT International, 2009)

Online “Predators” and Their Victims: Myths, Realities and Implications for Prevention and Treatment (Crimes Against Children Research Center, 2008)

Physical Abuse

Basics of Physical Abuse: Inflicted Bruising

From Suspicion of Physical Abuse to Reporting: Primary Care Clinician Decision-Making (Pediatrics, 2008)

Physical Punishment of Children: Lessons from 20 Years of Research (Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2012)

Recent Skin Injuries in Normal Children (Pediatrics, 2001)

Systematic Reviews of Bruising in Relation to Child Abuse-What Have We Learnt: An Overview of Review Updates (Evidence Based Child Health, 2013)

The Evaluation of Suspected Child Physical Abuse (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015)

Which Injuries May Indicate Child Abuse? (Archives of Disease in Childhood: Education and Practice Edition, 2010)

Sexual Abuse & Assault

AAP Updates HPV Vaccine Recommendations after Licensure of HPV9 (AAP News, June 2015)

Care of the Adolescent Sexual Assault Victim (Pediatrics, 2008)

Clinical Report—The Evaluation of Sexual Behaviors in Children (Pediatrics, 2009)

Do No More Harm: The Psychological Stress of the Medical Examination for Alleged Child Sexual Abuse (Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 2009)

Policy Statement: Protecting Children From Sexual Abuse by Health Care Providers (Pediatrics, 2011)

Sexuality Education for Children and Adolescents (American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health and Committee on Adolescence, 2001)

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2015 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 5 June 2015)

The Evaluation of Children in the Primary Care Setting When Sexual Abuse Is Suspected (Pediatrics, 2013)

Use of Chaperones During the Physical Examination of the Pediatric Patient (Pediatrics, 2011)


Failure to Thrive as a Manifestation of Child Neglect (Pediatrics, 2005)

Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect (Pediatrics, 1999)

Recognizing and Responding to Medical Neglect (Pediatrics, 2007)

Risk Factors as Determinants of Dental Neglect in Children (American Society of Dentistry for Children, Journal of Dentistry for Children, 1998)

When Is Lack of Supervision Neglect? (Pediatrics, 2006)

Who Are The Medically Fragile Children in Our Midst?


Child Sex Trafficking & Commercial sexual exploitation

Child Prostitution: Global Health Burden, Research Needs, and Interventions (The Lancet, 2002)

Prostitution and Trafficking of Women and Children from Mexico to the United States (Ugarte, Zarate, and Farley, 2003)

Prostitution and Trafficking in Nine Countries: An Update on Violence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (Farley et al., 2003)

Stolen Smiles: A Summary Report on the Physical and Psychological Health Consequences of Women and Adolescents Trafficked in Europe (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 2006)

The Health Consequences of Sex Trafficking and Their Implications for Identifying Victims in Healthcare Facilities (Annals of Health Law, 2014)

The Health Risks and Consequences of Trafficking in Women and Adolescents: Findings from a European Study (London School of Hygeine & Tropical Medicine, 2003)

WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Interviewing Trafficked Women (World Health Organization, 2003)