Child Sexual Abuse
Child Sexual Exploitation, Abuse, and Trafficking Resources for Healthcare Professionals
General Info & Epidemiology
In this section, healthcare professionals can find studies on the medical, legal and social aspects of child sexual abuse in countries across the globe.
Assessment of the sexually abused female children admitted to a tertiary care hospital: Eight year experience, Pakistan (Mollamahmutoglu, 2014)
Medical and Legal Aspects of Child Sexual Abuse: A Population-Based Study in a Hungarian County (Enyedy, 2018)
Gender-based violence among female youths in educational institutions of Sub-Saharan Africa (Beyene, 2019)
The incidence of sexual violence among children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, in 2012 and 2013 (Alves de Sena, 2018)
Reported Levels of Upset in Youth After Routine Trauma Screening at Mental Health Clinics (Skar, 2019)
Disclosures & Interviews for CSA
Healthcare professionals may need to speak with children about sexual abuse experiences. In this section, the health professional is provided with information and guidance that will help them understand the dynamics of the disclosure process, and obtain the information they need from a child and their caregiver in a trauma-informed, developmentally appropriate and culturally-sensitive way.
Forty Years of Forensic Interviewing of Children Suspected of Sexual Abuse, 1974–2014 (Faller, 2015)
The Quality of Forensic Child Interviewing in Child Sexual Abuse Cases in Indonesia (Sumampouw, 2020)
Children’s disclosure of sexual abuse during early forensic psychiatric evaluation in Southern Taiwan (Wang, 2016)
Exploring the disclosure of child sexual abuse with alleged victims and their parents (Hershkowitz, 2007)
Facilitators and Barriers to Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) Disclosures (2000-2016) (Alaggia, 2019)
Interviewing Children Versus Tossing Coins: Accurately Assessing the Diagnosticity of Children’s Disclosures of Abuse (Lyon, 2012)
Many ways of telling: Expanding conceptualizations of child sexual abuse disclosure (Alaggia, 2004)
A Systematic Review of Instruments used to Assess Nonverbal Emotional Signs in Children during an Investigative Interview for Suspected Sexual Abuse (van Ham, 2020)
Structured forensic interview protocols improve the quality and informativeness of investigative interviews with children (Lamb, 2007)
Telling a trusted adult: Factors associated with the likelihood of disclosing child sexual abuse prior to and during a forensic interview (Grandgenett, 2019)
Health & Mental Health
Child sexual abuse is associated with numerous short- and long-term health consequences. This section provides information on the health impact of sexual abuse, as well as long-term outcomes of abuse and mental health treatment strategies.
Extragenital Screening is Essential for Comprehensive Detection of C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae in the Pediatric Population (Uprety, 20190)
Characteristics of Child Physical and Sexual Abuse as Predictors of Psychopathology (Adams, 2018)
Child sexual abuse and the development of psychiatric disorders: a neurobiological trajectory of pathogenesis (Shrivastava, 2017)
Child sexual abuse as an etiological factor of overweight and eating disorders (Szymaczek, 2018)
Child Sexual Abuse and HIV-Related Substance Use and Sexual Risk Across the Life Course Among Males and Females (Scheidell, 2017)
The effectiveness, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for maltreated children and adolescents (MacDonald, 2016)
Moderators of treatment response to trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy among youth in Zambia (Kane, 2016)
Child Sexual Abuse among a Representative Sample of Quebec High School Students (Hebert, 2019)
Review of Randomized Controlled Trials on Psychological Interventions in Child Sexual Abuse (Chourhary, 2016)
Problematic Child Sexual Behavior and Sex Offending
While certain types of sexualized behavior are normal and age-appropriate, problematic sexual behaviors (PSB) involve a risk of emotional or physical harm to the child or to others. This section includes resources and guidance on the topic of problematic child sexual behaviors and sex offending.
Awareness of the offense and perception of the victim among juvenile sex offenders (Grattagliano, 2018)
Child Sexual Abuse and Negative Affect as Shared Risk Factors for Sexual Aggression and Sexual HIV Risk Behavior in Heterosexual Men (Peterson, 2018)
Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse
Given the very high prevalence rates of child sexual abuse around the world, numerous programs designed to prevent abuse have been designed and implemented in schools and other settings. Health professionals can find research and guidance on methodologies for responding to and reducing child sexual abuse in this section.
What Works to Prevent Sexual Violence Against Children, Executive Summary (Oak Foundation, 2020)
An Evidence-Based Education Program for Adults about Child Sexual Abuse (“Prevent It!”) That Significantly Improves Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behavior (Martin, 2016)
Initial Assessment of Stewards of Children Program Effects on Child Sexual Abuse Reporting Rates in Selected South Carolina Counties (Letourneau, 2016)