Child Sexual Abuse Material: Model Legislation & Global Review

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse Material (Child Pornography), Cybercrime, Legislation

Child Sexual Abuse Material: Model Legislation & Global Review

2018

(ICMEC) This groundbreaking report, often referred to as ICMEC's Rule of Law project, analyzes child sexual abuse material (CSAM) legislation in 196 countries around the world, and offers a “menu” of concepts to be considered when drafting anti-CSAM legislation. First released in April 2006, the report is currently in its 9th edition.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Trafficking, Cybercrime, Legislation

Studies in Child Protection: Technology-Facilitated Child Sex Trafficking

2018

(ICMEC) - The Internet has global reach, which fuels the need for international legal cooperation to develop more stringent, overt laws to protect children from technology-facilitated child sex trafficking. While vast research exists regarding child sex trafficking broadly, this paper specifically focuses on: how and why technology is increasingly used to recruit, advertise, and send/receive payments for child sex trafficking; examining available international and regional legal instruments; reviewing a sampling of relevant national legislation; presenting model legislative language for consideration; and discussing the role of the technology and financial industries to deter traffickers from misusing their platforms to sexually exploit children.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse Material (Child Pornography), Cybercrime

Studies in Child Protection: Sexual Extortion and Nonconsensual Pornography

2018

(ICMEC) The purpose of this paper is to define and analyze sexual extortion and nonconsensual pornography as they impact children, as well as to better understand obstacles to prevention, policy intervention, and prosecution. This paper, framed with a global perspective, also presents effective, model legislative responses and highlights global efforts that are readily adaptable by individual countries to combat the growing number of cases of children who are exploited via sexual extortion and the nonconsensual sharing of intimate images.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Cybercrime

Online Grooming of Children for Sexual Purposes: Model Legislation & Global Review

2017

(ICMEC) Prompted by the increasing number of cases of online grooming of children and relative lack of awareness of the growing issue, this original report analyzes legislation related to the online grooming of children for sexual purposes in 196 countries around the world. The report includes sections regarding definitions; offenses; and sanctions and sentencing, followed by an overview of related regional and international law, a discussion of implementation and good initiatives, and a global review of country-specific legislation that evaluates national legislation against 5 core criteria.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime, cryptocurrency, FCACP, online exploitation

Cryptocurrency and the BlockChain: Technical Overview and Potential Impact on Commercial Child Sexual Exploitation

2017

(ICMEC) This paper examines several cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin, and the Blockchain architecture that supports them.  It provides a summary of the underground and illicit uses of the currencies, as well as ramifications for law enforcement and industry.  Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Child Sexual Abuse Material (Child Pornography), Cybercrime

Commonwealth Internet Governance Forum: A Joint Report on Online Child Protection Combatting Child Sexual Abuse Material on the Internet

2017

(Children’s Charities’ Coalition on Internet Safety, ICMEC) This report describes the impact of the Internet on the production and distribution of child pornography. It makes a number of suggestions about how states can join in the global fight against this vile misuse of cyber-space. In particular, the report presents a range of legal measures which Commonwealth Member States might consider adopting and it sets them in the context of wider initiatives designed to make the Internet a safer place for children and young people the world over. The primary audience for the toolkit is the Commonwealth but it is hoped that it might be of interest to a wider range of countries and professionals with an interest in child protection. This is the third edition of the toolkit. It updates the second edition, published in 2012.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse Material (Child Pornography), Child Trafficking, Cybercrime, Legislation, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Guidelines for the Adoption of National Legislation in Latin America

2016

(ICMEC, UNICEF) The primary objective of these guidelines is to determine whether laws and policies exist in Latin America that address prevention, reporting mechanisms, tools, and specialized units for the investigation and prosecution of crimes related to online child sexual abuse and exploitation through the review of the regulatory frameworks in each country. The guidelines are intended to be used by relevant stakeholders including law enforcement, investigators, prosecutors, judges, and governmental and non-governmental organizations seeking to promote reform in legislation and in their fields of action, as well as to advocate for the development and reform of policies concerning prevention, victim assistance, and investigation of production, sale, distribution, and possession of child sexual abuse material.Read More

Child Protection, Cybercrime

Digital Threats to Child Safety: A Brief Guide for Organizations on Outreach and Educational Activities

2016

(ROCIT) In recent years, the theme of digital safety for children has become more urgent, and has led to the active organization of outreach activities to raise awareness regarding dangerous Internet content and to promote prevention of Internet-based threats. Secondary educational institutions, clubs for children and teenagers, cultural institutions, as well as the Internet, and in some cases, can all be utilized to this end and may provide a more systematic approach/framework/structure to the activities. Often organizers are hindered by a lack of information and a clear understanding of what should be discussed at such events. This guide is designed specifically for those cases in which professionals, who wish to engage in outreach/awareness work focused on digital content safety for children and adolescents, must first obtain a basic understanding of the problem and its characteristics in order to determine the further selection of specific materials and literature. The guide addresses the primary types of Internet content that pose threats to children along with basic steps to stop the circulation of these types of content.Read More

Child Pornography, Child Protection, Cybercrime, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand

Child Protection in the Digital Age: National Responses to Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation in ASEAN Member States

2016

(UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Regional Office) This report provides a benchmark of Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States’ current efforts to effectively and comprehensively address child sexual abuse and exploitation, both online and offline.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse Material (Child Pornography), Cybercrime, Legislation, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Protecting Children from Cybercrime: Legislative Responses in Latin America to Fight Child Pornography, Online Grooming, and Cyberbullying through Information and Communication Technologies

2015

(ICMEC, The World Bank, Associação dos Juízes Federais da Primeira Região do Brasil) In the framework of the Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development, ICMEC, The World Bank and Associação dos Juízes Federais da Primeira Região do Brasil published a Latin America regional study on legislative responses for the protection of children from violence through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in response to a growing concern over the use of ICTs to commit violence against children.

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Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse Material (Child Pornography), Cybercrime, Legislation, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, Timor Leste, Vietnam

Protecting Children from Cybercrime: Legislative Responses in Asia to Fight Child Pornography, Online Grooming and Cyberbullying

2015

(ICMEC, The World Bank) In the framework of the Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development, ICMEC and The World Bank published an Asian regional study on legislative responses for the protection of children from violence through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in response to a growing concern over the use of ICTs to commit violence against children.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

The Digital Economy: Potential, Perils, and Promises

2014

(ICMEC, Thomson Reuters) This report of the Digital Economy Task Force, led by ICMEC and Thomson Reuters, explores the benefits and risks of the emerging digital economy, and provides recommendations for policymakers, financial institutions, law enforcement, and others.Read More

Child Protection, Cybercrime

ITU Guidelines for Industry on Child Protection Online

2014

(International Telecommunications Union) These updated guidelines for industry on child online protection provide advice on how the information and communication technology industry can help promote safety for children using the Internet or any technologies or devices that can connect to it.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

Confronting New Challenges in the Fight Against Child Pornography: Considerations for Protecting Children & Your Company’s Reputation When Engaging with Digital Businesses

2014

(ICMEC, APAC-FCACP) The goal of this paper is to help companies manage risk and relationships by providing information on the digital platforms/business models that can be abused for the purpose of distributing child sexual exploitation content.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Trafficking, Cybercrime

The Abuse of Information and Communication Technologies for Child Sex Trafficking

2014

(ICMEC) This article reviews the international legal framework and supporting initiatives aimed at combating the abuse of information and communication technologies for purposes of child sex trafficking.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

Confronting New Challenges in the Fight Against Child Pornography: Best Practices to Help File Hosting and File Sharing Companies Fight the Distribution of Child Sexual Exploitation Content

2013

(ICMEC, APAC-FCACP), This report details what precautions file sharing and file hosting companies can take to help ensure that child sexual exploitation content is not stored, hosted, reproduced, or distributed by users of their services.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

Joint Report on Online Child Protection: Combatting Child Pornography on the Internet

2012

(ICMEC, Children’s Charities’ Coalition on Internet Safety) This report updated the one previously released in 2010, and describes the impact of the Internet on the production and distribution of child pornography. It presents a range of legal measures that Commonwealth Member States might consider adopting, and it sets them in the context of wider initiatives designed to make the Internet a safer place for children and young people around the world.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

Trends in Online Crime and Their Potential Implications in the Fight Against Commercial Child Pornography

2011

(U.S. FCACP) The intent of this report is to highlight emerging trends in cybercrime/cybersecurity and to evoke thought and discussion about their potential impact on the child safety arena. Each section delves into examples of activities that have garnered the attention of the researchers and professionals working to combat cybercrime.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

Joint Report on Online Child Protection: Combatting Child Pornography on the Internet

2010

(ICMEC, Children’s Charities’ Coalition on Internet Safety) This report describes the impact of the Internet on the production and distribution of child pornography. It presents a range of legal measures which Commonwealth Member States might consider adopting and sets them in the context of wider initiatives designed to make the Internet a safer place for children and young people the world over.Read More

Child Protection, Cybercrime

ITU Guidelines for Policymakers on Child Online Protection

2009

(International Telecommunications Union) These guidelines for policymakers  help individual countries plan for their strategies for child online protection in the short, medium and longer term.Read More

Child Protection, Cybercrime

ITU Guidelines for Parents, Guardians or Educators on Child Online Protection

2009

(International Telecommunications Union) These guidelines for parents, guardians and educators provide recommendations on what they can do to make their child’s online experience a positive one.Read More

Child Protection, Cybercrime

ITU Guidelines for Children on Child Online Protection

2009

(International Telecommunications Union) These guidelines advise children  on possible harmful activities online, such as bullying and harassment, identity theft, and online abuse. The guidelines also include advice to children seeing and experiencing harmful and illegal content online, or young people being exposed to grooming for sexual purposes, the production, distribution and collection of child abuse material.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

Trends in Migration, Hosting and Payment for Commercial Child Pornography Website

2008

(U.S. FCACP) This paper, written by the U.S. Financial Coalition Against Child Pornography’s Technology Challenges Working Group, addresses current trends in migration, hosting and payment specific to commercial child pornography websites.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

Internet Merchant Acquisition and Monitoring Best Practices for the Prevention and Detection of Commercial Child Pornography

2007

(U.S. FCACP) This document contains a compilation of methods that some U.S. Financial Coalition Against Child Pornography members have used in their application and verification process, and thereafter, to detect child pornographers and prevent them from establishing or maintaining merchant accounts.Read More

Child Abuse/Exploitation, Child Pornography, Cybercrime

Child Pornography: Assessing the Global Agenda Forum

2005

(ICMEC) The report includes findings from the April 2005 Lyon Forum, which explored the current state of and emerging trends in child pornography, assessed the progress made on the Dublin Plan, and adjusted its recommendations for future actions accordingly.Read More

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